One GM vice president even ordered one of his managers to take pictures of every inch of the NUMMI plant so they could copy it precisely. The result was a factory with andon cords but with nobody pulling them because managers (following the principle of extrinsic motivation) were incentivized by the rate at which automobiles — of any quality — came off the line.
Humble, Jez; Molesky, Joanne; O’Reilly, Barry (2020-07-20). Lean Enterprise (Kindle Locations 472-475). O’Reilly Media. Kindle Edition.